United in Vision: Reflections on the SAC 2023 Annual Meeting

  • Annual Meeting
Annual meeting stage with speaker
Black and white headshot of Lee Green
Lee Green
October 12, 2023

In the aftermath of the invigorating New York Climate Week, our entire organization came together to ensure the success of the Sustainable Apparel Coalition’s (SAC) Annual Meeting. The magnitude and depth of this event was not merely a reflection of our organizational prowess but a testament to the expansive vision SAC embodies.

The gathering of over 500 attendees, spanning both Boston and the digital realm, under our guiding theme of “Evolution for Impact,” underscored the importance of our mission. Every department, every team member, contributed to this annual, flagship moment for our global membership, emphasizing our unwavering commitment to foster a more just and sustainable industry.

The groundbreaking collaborations announced, including our alliance with the International Apparel Federation and the inception of the Manufacturer Climate Action Program (MCAP), set a firm tone for our agenda.

Our CEO Amina Razvi truly captured the essence of our collective ambition. The path to achieving our goal of a 45% reduction in greenhouse gas emissions by 2030 isn’t paved with mere intentions—it demands tangible results. This resonated deeply and was a continuation of the messaging we heard in New York. Intention is no longer enough.

The Annual Meeting was structured around three stages that define our revised strategic approach to delivering greater impact at scale: Climate, Nature, and Decent Work. These stages allowed us to dissect and delve into the multifaceted challenges and opportunities our industry faces, ensuring a holistic perspective on sustainable transformation.

From an enlightening keynote by Helen Crowley, Managing Director at Pollination, to dynamic panel discussions, we traversed these key topics, offering a panoramic view of our industry’s potential. Our collaboration with Worldly emerged as a consistent thread, highlighting the value of strategic partnerships. Their commitment to enhancing the Higg Index tools further enriches our quest for sustainable evolution.

The introduction of our new SAC Board members, reflecting our parity-driven approach, added depth to our event, showcasing the expertise steering our future initiatives.

As Shyla Raghav, Chief Climate Officer at TIME, drew the event to its conclusion, her words encapsulated our journey and vision: the future of fashion is unfolding, and together, we are its sculptors.

Expressing my deepest gratitude to every individual within our organization, our attendees, sponsors, and partners: your passion and dedication have been instrumental. A special acknowledgment also to the Global Fashion Agenda for their unwavering behind-the-scenes support.

With our eyes now set on Munich for our 2024 Annual Meeting, the insights and momentum from Boston fuel our onward journey.

Together, we champion an industry that’s equitable, restorative, and continually innovative.


Sustainable Apparel Coalition 2023 Annual Meeting Calls for Industry Evolution

  • Annual Meeting
Amina Razvi, SAC Annual Meeting 2023
October 04, 2023

San Francisco, Amsterdam, Hong Kong – October 4, 2023: More than 500 in-person and virtual attendees joined the Sustainable Apparel Coalition (SAC) for its Annual Meeting on September 26 in Boston, MA. Reflecting the theme Evolution for Impact, the event brought together stakeholders from across the fashion and apparel value chain to discuss and explore opportunities for the industry to deepen collaborations in order to drive true and lasting impact for people and planet. Sponsors included Target Corporation, Lululemon, REN Energy, and Worldly, an impact intelligence platform that is the exclusive licensee of the Higg Index tools.

Announcements at the 2023 SAC Annual Meeting included a collaboration with the International Apparel Federation to accelerate efforts towards advancing equitable and sustainable global supply chains in the apparel and fashion industry, the new Manufacturer Climate Action Program (MCAP) enabling manufacturers to start their decarbonization journey, and results from an independent review of the Higg Index, a set of tools that empower designers, brands, retailers, and manufacturers, to use life cycle assessment data to make informed decisions and create more sustainable products. The SAC also shared strategies in support of its revised strategic plan, which was announced at New York Climate Week.

The Annual Meeting began with an opening address from Amina Razvi, Chief Executive Officer of the SAC, who reaffirmed the critical importance of collaboration to achieve industry goals that include a 45% reduction in greenhouse gas emissions by 2030. “​​Together we share an extraordinary opportunity and a profound responsibility for our industry and beyond to deliver the necessary changes and accelerate progress,” she said. “The question is no longer just about intent – it’s about tangible results.” Razvi also announced that through the SAC’s Decarbonization Plan more than half of SAC members have either set or committed to set Science-Based Targets (SBTs) for GHG reduction, which became a requirement of membership in 2023.

Following an insightful keynote address by nature and biodiversity expert Helen Crowley, Managing Director at Pollination, details of the SAC’s new strategic direction were shared on a plenary panel with Jeremy Lardeau, Vice President, Higg Index at the SAC; Dr. Delman Lee, Vice Chair at TAL Apparel Limited and Immediate Past Chair at the SAC; Krishna Manda, Vice President Corporate Sustainability at Lenzing Group and SAC Vice Chair, Manufacturer Category; and Sean Cady, Vice President Global Sustainability, Responsibility, Trade, and Government Affairs at VF Corporation and SAC Board Director. At the Annual Meeting, the ensuing presentations and discussions delved deeper into the three pillars—Combat Climate Change, Decent Work for All, and Nature Positive Future—that underpin the SAC’s revised strategic plan. Among many others, they included:

  • Scott Raskin, CEO of Worldly, joined Amina Razvi for a fireside chat about the importance of partnership to achieve industry goals. “Not one of us is as smart as all of us,” he said. “Our great partnership with SAC continues – we believe in the Higg Index and constantly improving it; as well as constantly improving the experience of customers utilizing the full range of tools, capabilities, and partnerships Worldly has to offer.”
  • Liam Salter, CEO of RESET Carbon; Sarah O’Brien, CEO of the Sustainable Purchasing Leadership Council; Matthew Guenther, Director, Environmental Sustainability at TAL Apparel Limited; and Mitsuko Wong, Sustainability Lead, Product & Supply Chain at Ralph Lauren Corporation, discussed an emerging program, on which the SAC is also a partner, that aims to drive systematic decarbonization by focusing on the 1,500 suppliers who are responsible for 78% of emissions in the industry. “Time is critical,” said Salter. “We need to move fast and build on existing relationships, leverage the data we have, and move forward together.”
  • Jeremy Lardeau, SAC Vice President, Higg Index; Alexander Kohnstamm, Executive Director of Fair Wear; Mariette van Amstel, Head of Membership at Fair Wear, and James Schaffer, Chief Strategy Officer at Worldly shared an update on their collaborative work on a new Responsible Purchasing Practices due diligence framework. “The power imbalance between brands and manufacturers also translates to the power imbalance between manufacturers and workers,” Kohnstamm said. “Collaboration, common standards, and common pathways are key.”
  • Lisa Domoney, SAC Senior Director, Membership & Corporate Engagement; Janet Mensink, Executive Director of the Social & Labor Convergence Program; Abhishek Bansal, Vice President, Sustainability at Arvind Limited; and Mostafiz Uddin, Managing Director at Denim Expert Ltd. and Founder and CEO of the Bangladesh Apparel Exchange, discussed Occupational Health and Safety in terms of Human Resources standards and the importance of bringing all partners together to tackle issues of social audit duplicity. “Every resource spent on duplication is a resource taken away from improvement,” Bansal said. “Every measure you take becomes twice as effective if you have good management systems.”
  • Joël Mertens, SAC Director, Higg Product Tools; Ipek Kurtoglu Firat, Global Product Impact Lead, Sustainability at H&M Group; and John Armstrong, Chief Technology Officer at Worldly, discussed the evolution of the Higg Product Tools and their impact on manufacturers, brands, and retailers. “Our goal is beyond compliance – we want to be driving to a higher purpose,” Mertens said. “Better data to drive better choices to drive industry impact.”
  • Andrew Martin, SAC Executive Vice President; Joyce Tsoi, SAC Director, Collective Action Programs; Krishna Manda, Vice President Corporate Sustainability at Lenzing Group and SAC Vice Chair; Scott Vitters, Senior Director, Responsible Supply Chain (Environment) at Nike, Inc.; and Sandra Durrant, Senior Director of Environmental Sustainability and Traceability at Target Corporation, joined together to announce the Manufacturer Climate Action Program (MCAP). “The MCAP will be helpful for the SAC and the industry because we can have a harmonized way of measuring and setting SBTs,” Manda said. “Something as simple as a standardized baseline will be so impactful and reduce confusion. The process of improvement is complex enough; we need to align on how we are asking and tracking progress so we can focus on doing the work that drives impact.” He emphasized, “The importance of co-creation for roadmaps by manufacturers and brands, which needs to consider regional context of energy landscape and value chain related differences, and the central role of equity and inclusion to reach industry’s target of 45% GHG emissions reduction by 2030.”
  • Bryant LaPres, Senior Director of Industry Engagement at the Apparel Impact Institute, Shari Friedman, Managing Director at Eurasia Group, and Steffen Mueller, Programme Director of Gesellschaft für internationale Zusammenarbeit (GIZ) through a recorded statement, shared news of the GIZ PDP Rooftop Solar Panel Initiative, a collaboration with SAC and GIZ that aims to increase the adoption of renewable energy technologies with SAC Corporate Members and their suppliers. “The why has to be based in mutual agreement, a shared vision – that has to be the foundation,” LaPres said. “Partnerships are crucial.”

At the event, the SAC also announced newly elected Board members Harsh Saini, Executive Vice President, Group Sustainability & Govt/Public Affairs at the Fung Group, and Amanda Tucker, Vice President of Responsible Sourcing and Sustainability at Target Corporation, as well as newly seated Board leadership: Chair Tamar Hoek, Senior Policy Director Sustainable Fashion at Solidaridad Network; Vice Chair Krishna Manda, Vice President of Sustainability at Lenzing Group; and Amanda Tucker, who will serve as Secretary. The Annual Meeting was powered by Global Fashion Agenda, which hosted the Global Fashion Summit on September 27, also in Boston.

Shyla Raghav, TIME’s Chief Climate Officer, delivered an inspirational final keynote. “Climate change is transitioning from a niche function to a core one,” she said. “The future of the fashion and apparel industry is already here – it’s here in this room.”

The 2023 SAC Annual Meeting online photo gallery is available here and a video recap is viewable here. The 2024 SAC Annual Meeting will be held in Munich, Germany.


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About the Sustainable Apparel Coalition:

The Sustainable Apparel Coalition (SAC) is a global, non-profit alliance of over 280 organizations in the apparel, footwear, and textile industry. Initially formed to create standardized sustainability metrics, the SAC has sharpened its focus to driving pre-competitive, collective action across three foundational pillars. As an independent entity, the SAC brings together brands, retailers, manufacturers, NGOs, academics, and industry associations to combat climate change, ensure decent work, and contribute to a nature-positive future. Central to the SAC’s mission is the Higg Index, a suite of comprehensive tools that empower members to measure, evaluate, and improve sustainability performance across the supply chain.

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Sustainable Apparel Coalition Announces Launch of Manufacturer Climate Action Program (MCAP) at 2023 SAC Annual Meeting

  • Annual Meeting
October 02, 2023

Program to enable manufacturers on their decarbonization journey

San Francisco, Amsterdam, Hong Kong – October 2, 2023: Last week, the Sustainable Apparel Coalition (SAC), a global multi-stakeholder alliance uniting over 280 retailers, brands, manufacturers, governments, academics, and nonprofit affiliates, announced the launch of the Manufacturer Climate Action Program (MCAP) at the 2023 SAC Annual Meeting on September 26th in Boston, Massachusetts. In collaboration with industry leaders NIKE and Target Corporation, the SAC introduced MCAP as a critical component of its Decarbonization Program, designed to catalyze support and drive the sector toward ambitious and necessary CO2 emissions reductions.

The textile and apparel industry faces the urgent need for collective action to significantly reduce global CO2 emissions by 45% by 2030, based on its 2010 baseline, ultimately striving for net-zero emissions by 2050. MCAP’s mission is to enable manufacturers to start their decarbonization journey by providing an intermediate pathway for them to measure carbon emissions and develop science-aligned targets for Scope 1 and 2 where they have direct control. Notably, MCAP excludes Scope 3 measurements because they often create a barrier for manufacturers taking steps toward setting science-aligned targets. By focusing on Scope 1 and 2 emissions initially, the program aims to provide manufacturers with a manageable starting point for their decarbonization journey.

This program will enable manufacturers to reduce energy use, save money, and meet the business expectations of their customers. It also aims to facilitate the sharing of learning and rapidly scale best practices. This program reflects the SAC’s commitment to safeguarding the planet for generations to come.

MCAP will take a pragmatic approach, providing a stepwise process to build manufacturers’ capability to accelerate target setting, and comprises four core elements:

  • First, manufacturers set, validate, and disclose company-wide science-aligned emission reduction goals, recognizing this as a fundamental step toward a sustainable future.
  • Second, manufacturers receive recommendations and training on developing climate risk assessments for their operations, including physical and transition risks, documenting these risks to bridge connections with value chain partners, including brands.
  • Next, manufacturers receive guidance for developing their decarbonization plans, responding to the industry’s growing call for transparency and enabling effective allocation of investments and resources.
  • Finally, fostering a culture of transparency and accountability, MCAP encourages manufacturers to annually disclose their progress and share reports publicly. This commitment to openness will ensure accountability within organizations and nurture a collective culture of growth and innovation.

These four elements form the core of MCAP, empowering manufacturers to take substantive actions in reducing emissions to combat climate change, improving operational efficiency and growth, and further advancing sustainability throughout the industry.

MCAP evolved from both Target’s Supplier Engagement Program and the Supplier Climate Action Program (SCAP), which was co-developed by NIKE and its suppliers and in consultation with World Resource Institute (WRI). MCAP is open to both SAC members and non-members, in a concerted effort to accelerate the number of manufacturers with science-aligned targets. What sets MCAP apart is its comprehensive approach to supporting manufacturers in a stepwise manner. The program meticulously integrates key management tools into the program, tailored specifically to meet the unique needs of manufacturers. These tools include guidance on measuring emissions, assessing risk, benchmarking performance, and leveraging these insights to inform strategic planning. By establishing these fundamental building blocks, MCAP equips manufacturers with the essential resources they need to develop effective plans and accelerate meaningful climate change actions.

The long-term vision for MCAP is to help manufacturers eventually secure science-based targets that encompass Scope 1, 2, and 3 emissions. MCAP serves as the crucial first step on this journey, providing the necessary tools and guidance to propel manufacturers toward a more sustainable and climate-resilient future.

Joyce Tsoi, Director of Collective Action Programs, at the Sustainable Apparel Coalition, said: “As a convener of the consumer goods industry, we have a unique opportunity to rally our community’s collective strength and drive transformative change to set science-aligned targets, averting the worst climate impacts. Through our Decarbonization Program, we co-create solutions and foster collaborations necessary for systemic change within global supply chains, recognizing that addressing this challenge requires that no single entity can tackle this challenge alone. MCAP represents a key initiative, uniting manufacturers globally to accelerate action towards science-aligned emissions targets, significantly reducing global CO2 emissions at scale. By partnering with industry leaders and offering scalable solutions, we can empower our industry to confront emission reductions and instigate the change we need to support low-carbon transition.”

Noel Kinder, Chief Sustainability Officer, at NIKE, Inc, said: “At our size and scale, we have a responsibility to drive impact. With a challenge like climate change, we know we can’t do it alone. NIKE’s SCAP was designed to help suppliers take a leadership role in addressing their climate risk. Working with SAC and Target to develop the MCAP program is the next step in scaling impact across NIKE’s supply chain and the industry.”

Liz Cook, Executive Vice President for Governance & Development, at World Resource Institute (WRI), said: “Supply chain emissions amount, on average, to more than 70% of a company’s greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions. To set, and achieve, ambitious emissions reduction targets across the value chain, companies need to support their suppliers. Programs like the Manufacturer Climate Action Program (MCAP), and companies like Nike and Target, set out to do this by helping suppliers build their capacity to mitigate and become more resilient to climate change. Beyond MCAP, WRI is pleased to partner with NIKE to accelerate renewable energy solutions in strategic global markets — a key strategy for achieving these objectives. This work is critical to scaling climate action globally.”

The SAC is actively gathering manufacturer interest in MCAP and plans to begin program implementation in 2024. Progress of MCAP will be tracked and shared on the SAC website, providing information on how many manufacturers have joined the program and the progress made.

MCAP represents a significant step forward in the global effort to combat climate change. As part of its strategic plan, the SAC acknowledges that the textile industry alone accounts for up to 8% of global carbon emissions and is committed to a minimum 45% reduction of GHG emissions by 2030. The SAC is committed to supporting its members and the industry in achieving decarbonization.


— ENDS —

For more information please contact SAC@forster.co.uk

About the Sustainable Apparel Coalition:

The Sustainable Apparel Coalition (SAC) is an independent and impact-creating organization that aims to lead the industry toward a shared vision of sustainability based upon a joint approach for measuring, evaluating, and improving performance.

As a non-profit organization, it has members from across the apparel, footwear and textile sector, but exists independently outside any one company so that it can drive progress. The SAC’s collective action efforts bring more than 280 global brands, retailers, manufacturers, NGOs, academics and industry associations together. They represent about half of the apparel and footwear industry along the whole supply chain – from sustainability pioneers to organizations just getting started.

Before the SAC existed, companies worked in a siloed way, using their own programs and measurements that lacked standardization and an ability to drive collective action. In 2009, Walmart and Patagonia identified this as a serious problem. Joining forces, they brought together peers, competitors, and relevant stakeholders from across the sector to, on a pre-competitive basis, develop a universal approach to measuring sustainability performance and founded the Sustainable Apparel Coalition.

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Sustainable Apparel Coalition Shares Independent Review of Higg Index Product Tools

  • Higg Index Tools
  • Annual Meeting
September 26, 2023

First of three reports published as SAC sets out how the Higg Index suite of tools will continue to evolve

BOSTON, Mass. — September 26, 2023: Today, the Sustainable Apparel Coalition (SAC) has shared in full the first of three reports from the Higg Index Review. This first report fulfills a commitment made last year by the SAC to engage industry experts on a technical review of the Higg Product Tools, based on content and methodology, with the resulting data delivered in an open and transparent way. Available for download here, the report sets out detailed recommendations for how the Product Tools can continue to develop and answer the evolving requirements of users.

Through the continuous evolution of the Higg Index tools, the aim is to provide users with access to the most up-to-date, accurate data against relevant industry standards in order to drive sustainable decision-making across the industry. For this review, KPMG was commissioned to coordinate and recruit a panel of ten experts. The report focuses on the following tools:

  • The Higg Materials Sustainability Index (Higg MSI) is the apparel industry’s most used tool to measure the environmental impacts of materials. It is a cradle-to-gate material assessment tool used by designers to help them make more informed and responsible choices around materials.
  • The Higg Product Module (PM) was launched in June 2021 to help organizations evaluate the full environmental impact of a product. It measures the cradle-to-grave environmental impacts of a product from the point of resource extraction to manufacturing impacts, all the way through product durability, care, and end of use. With a complete picture of a product’s footprint, designers and sustainability teams can find new opportunities to reduce impact – and accurately demonstrate improvement to stakeholders, and business partners.

“Science isn’t static — and neither are we,” said Jeremy Lardeau, VP of the SAC Higg Index. “The SAC is committed to the continued enhancement of the Higg Index tools, to better support the industry to achieve its sustainability goals. Through ongoing updates, our tools become more and more powerful to drive greater impact across the value chain.”

Reflecting the diverse and complicated nature of product sustainability assessments, the reviewers were not unanimous in their findings. While the report highlights that the Higg MSI and Higg PM tools demonstrate strengths, more important to the SAC is how this critical analysis reveals where additional improvements are necessary.

“The SAC Board of Directors thanks each expert involved in the review for providing their insights and direction to the SAC,” said the SAC’s Board of Directors in a collective statement. “This review highlights the complexity of product sustainability assessments, which cover collecting, measuring, and appropriately utilizing sustainability impact data originating at the early stages of global supply chains for business decisions. Moreover, the often diverging expert viewpoints shared in the report reinforce the need for robust collaboration toward delivering a harmonized approach to value chain sustainability data.  We commend the SAC for conducting this expert review and commit to empowering the SAC to integrate appropriate recommendations into the SAC’s strategic plan, while inviting interested stakeholders to join this effort.”

In some cases, the recommendations for action found in the report are already underway, including:

  • expanding the Higg Facility Environmental Module (FEM) to add factory-specific data and improve geographical coverage in order to directly inform LCA data within the Product Tools;
  • actively working to improve data quality of the background datasets, specifically in cotton fiber  and textile wet processing;
  • exploring the best way to fold the Higg MSI into the Higg PM, so that the material life cycle data is viewed as part of full product LCAs; and
  • aligning with the EU Product Environmental Footprint (PEF) – an evolving LCA methodology, that aims to create a harmonized common framework for calculating and communicating impact — once it is finalized and, if applicable, with other common standardized methods in the future.

In other cases, recommendations for improvement will be incorporated during the next phase of tool development by the SAC, including, for example, adding signals and warnings on front-end content within the platform, as well as offering more training sessions and educational opportunities to help users correctly and more effectively use the tools.

Finally, taking action on some of the expert recommendations will require a deeper process of stakeholder engagement and research in order to confirm both applicability and feasibility. For example, the SAC is closely monitoring the progress made in ways to assess the full impacts of marine litter and microplastics in LCA data.

Ultimately, the ongoing evolution of the tools means the SAC will continue to assess the experts’ recommendations over the coming months and how best to implement them in the tools’ development roadmap.

“At Eastman Exports, we’ve seamlessly integrated the Higg Materials Sustainability Index (MSI) and the Higg Product Module (PM) into our core sustainability strategy,” said Alagesan Senniappan, Senior Vice President, Quality Assurance/ESG. “The Higg MSI has empowered us with a profound grasp of our materials’ environmental impact, facilitating data-driven decisions and the adoption of sustainable alternatives. The Higg PM has been transformative in evaluating our product life cycles, pinpointing critical areas for reducing our environmental footprint – from raw material sourcing to end-of-life considerations. Our unwavering commitment is to continue this sustainability journey with the invaluable support of these indispensable tools.”

The remaining Higg Index Review reports for the Higg Brand and Retail Module (BRM) and the Higg Facility Environmental Module (FEM) are expected in 2024. The Higg BRM was recently updated in March 2023, and the Higg FEM tool will be updated in November 2023. Based on the timing of these updates, the Higg Product Tools were reviewed first. The remaining Higg Index Review reports will be shared in full by the SAC once they have been finalized by the review panels.

— ENDS —

For more information please contact SAC@forster.co.uk

About the Sustainable Apparel Coalition:

The Sustainable Apparel Coalition (SAC) is an independent and impact-creating organization that aims to lead the industry toward a shared vision of sustainability based upon a joint approach for measuring, evaluating, and improving performance.

As a non-profit organization, it has members from across the apparel, footwear, and textile sector, but exists independently outside any one company so that it can drive progress. The SAC’s collective action efforts bring more than 280 global brands, retailers, manufacturers, NGOs, academics, and industry associations together. They represent about half of the apparel and footwear industry along the whole supply chain – from sustainability pioneers to organizations just getting started.

Before the SAC existed, companies worked in a siloed way, using their own programs and measurements that lacked standardization and an ability to drive collective action. In 2009, Walmart and Patagonia identified this as a serious problem. Joining forces, they brought together peers, competitors, and relevant stakeholders from across the sector to, on a pre-competitive basis, develop a universal approach to measuring sustainability performance and founded the Sustainable Apparel Coalition.

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About the Higg Index:

The Higg Index is an SAC-owned suite of data-driven tools for brands, retailers, and manufacturers to measure sustainability performance in the apparel, footwear, and textile industry. Owned by the SAC, the tools are exclusively licensed to Worldly. For more information, visit worldly.io/. The Higg Index comprises a set of five independent tools that make it possible to measure the environmental and social impacts of how, where, and under what conditions products are made, as well as the companies making them. The tools provide a standard process for assessment that can then be used for benchmarking, allowing users to leverage verified data to track, manage, and improve their performance. The tools also offer those just beginning their efforts a structured place to start which can make the process of data collection and strategy development less overwhelming.

About the tools reviewed in the report:

The Higg MSI is a cradle-to-gate material assessment tool that calculates environmental impacts of materials used in the textile, apparel & footwear industry such as ready-to-be-assembled textiles, trims, and packaging featured in products. The tool aims to enable design and development teams to identify hotspots and make more sustainable choices during the materials selection process. The Higg MSI uses peer-reviewed data submitted from the industry and life cycle assessment databases to calculate environmental impacts. The tool measures environmental impact in five areas: global warming, nutrient pollution in water (eutrophication), water scarcity, abiotic resource depletion of fossil fuels, and chemistry. Higg MSI results are provided individually for each impact category and are displayed into two formats: LCIA units and Higg MSI score. The LCIA units represent the environmental impact for the specific impact category (e.g. kg CO₂e with regards to global warming potential). The Higg MSI score, in turn, is based on a linear normalization set upon the weighted average impact of the most used materials within the industry.

The Higg PM assesses the cradle-to-grave environmental impacts of products made by the textile, apparel & footwear industry. This assessment includes the impacts of the specific materials used in a product, the impacts from finished goods’ manufacturing processes, as well as the impacts of logistics (transportation and distribution), use phase, and end of life. The Higg PM integrates Higg MSI outputs to provide a full life cycle assessment. The Higg PM shares the same five impact categories as the Higg MSI. Higg PM results are provided individually for each impact category and are displayed in terms of LCIA units. The Higg PM aims to help companies understand the environmental performance of their products’ portfolio and enable progress on circularity goals.